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By: Tyler Ingram

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Tuesday, 24-Jul-2012 01:37 Email | Share | | Bookmark
When you might need a topographical survey

Knowing what type of survey you need for your project can be extremely confusing. Here, in this handy article, you will learn exactly when and where a topographical survey is required.

What is a Topographic Survey
Topographic survey can be used to identify and map the contours of the ground and existing features above, below or on the earth’s surface. This can include sites featuring trees, manholes, buildings, retaining walls and utility poles. Topographic surveys generally concern the relief of the Earth, including natural and artificial hills, valleys, streams, dams and bridges. The recording of the particular terrain involves the determination of terrestrial or three-dimensional space. These recordings are used to outline the position of points, as well as the distances and angles between them.

A graphic representation of the relief of an area is known as a topographic map. This is constructed using the data found during recordings and shows certain horizontal and vertical locations plotted in the survey. Specialist topographic surveying equipment can show a 3D representation of the results. Depending on your project needs and requirements, this can include objects such as plants and buildings.

When is a Topographical Survey Needed
Topographical surveys are often used as a base map for the design of a resistance or building of some type, or design a road or driveway. In these cases, it is sometimes necessary to show perimeter boundary lines and lines of easements either on or crossing the area being surveyed.

Topographical surveys can gather useful information about the natural and manmade features of the land and its elevations. Topographic maps can be created in an office once the field data has be collected, or you can create your map in the field via a plane table.

Conducting a Topographic Survey
When conducting a topographic survey, you must first establish horizontal and vertical control that will act as the framework of the survey. In order to provide enough data for plotting during the mapping stage, you must determine enough horizontal location and elevation of ground points. These are sometimes referred to as side shots.

Depending on the project, locating natural and manmade features on the site may also be required. Once you have completed computing of distances, angles, and elevations, you can then begin drawing up the topographic map.

GPS Surveying
GPS surveying requires the use of a Global Positioning System (GPS). This is a satellite-based system which revolutionises the tasks of navigation and surveying. GPS surveying can be used with a wide range of traditional functions, including the establishment of geodic control, supporting engineering construction, cadastral surveys and map making.

Leave it to the Experts
Still unsure about which survey you need? Avoid making any mistakes and contact the experts today. Experienced, specialist surveyors are equipped with all the latest Trimble Robotic and GPS surveying units. A top quality surveying company will work with you to establish all your needs and requirements and provide you with a high level of detail and quality.

Sumo Services is a multi-disciplinary survey company. Their expert surveyors are committed to maintaining the highest possible standard in all aspects of their work. Contact them today and ensure your surveying needs are under control.

Monday, 23-Jul-2012 23:46 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Reduce workplace stress with new office, boardroom and reception

With stress a major issue in many industries, redesigning your office can make a huge difference. Some new boardroom chairs or a desk in reception seating might not seem that important, but a comfortable, organised working environment is essential in the prevention and reduction of stress.

As antidotes to stress go, redesigning your office space may not be the most obvious. However, it is known that poor working environments cause or worsen the condition. Noise, poor lighting and messy, uncomfortable surroundings all take their toll on our mental health. Getting the professionals in to produce a high quality design can benefit everyone who works for the company, whether they spend their time in an office, reception or the boardroom.

Stress is a big problem in business nowadays, accounting for over 10 million lost working days in 2010-11. This is more than for any other condition. It is also widely misunderstood and there is a belief in some industries that stress is inevitable and simply something to be put up with. This is not the case. The first piece of advice given by Bupa about how to beat stress is “Make your working environment as comfortable to work in as you can”.

Chairs are a good place to start. As most of us spend the vast majority of our day sitting down, comfortable seating is a must. It doesn’t matter if you are a high-powered executive or a lowly office clerk, an attractive, ergonomically designed chair can make a huge difference. Whether you want the luxury of Italian leather or the support of a fully adjustable mesh backed chair, comfort should be a priority. After all, sitting properly can prevent another major cause of work-related illness – back pain and other musculoskeletal disorders.

Visitors, clients and board members need good chairs as well, but there may be other factors that go into making the decision. Reception seating needs to reflect the personality of the company and with boardroom and conference furniture, stackable designs might be useful. Having a table surrounded by more chairs than you need makes the place seem a little cluttered.

Clutter in itself can have an effect on people’s stress levels. Searching for missing paperwork and information not only wastes time; it increases pressure on people who already feel they have too much to do. Clever filing and storage solutions can help make the office a more organised, and therefore calming, space. Credenzas have becoming a popular addition to stylish offices as they offer additional storage while preserving the open, airy feel of the room. A credenza can also be a support for a desk.

While individual pieces of furniture such as chairs and desks are important, the overall design of the office or boardroom can have an effect as well. Simply having some artwork or plants to look at is useful, adding visual interest and encouraging employees to look up from their computer screens once in a while. It is often worth buying furniture from an office specialist, as some companies offer design services as well as delivering and installing the products. This ensures the space is used to its full potential and bespoke pieces can be created to fit if necessary.

Perfect Synergi are specialist designers and installers of office furniture. They have a wide range of pieces available, from ergonomic office chairs, to boardroom tables and reception desks. They offer free 2D and 3D plans as part of the service and can help create the organised, stress-free environment you need. Visit the website for more information.

Monday, 23-Jul-2012 05:49 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Looking for a Belly Bar? What Navel Do You Have?

If you are considering having a belly bar fitted, you will need to consider a number of different things. Titanium’s a good choice of material, but did you know there are fourteen different types of navel? Which one you have will play a big part in the type of piercing you should go for.

Materials for Belly Bars

Most belly bars these days are made from titanium. This is partly as a result of the EU Nickel Directive, which restricts high nickel alloys from being used in new body piercings. Titanium has very low nickel content and is unlikely to provoke an allergic reaction. Titanium is also 60% lighter than stainless steel: its light weight makes it exceptionally comfortable to wear as a belly bar or in other forms of body jewellery. No one wants a belly ring that’s going to pull down on them all day.

Titanium’s resistance to corrosion is another plus. Body piercings are a commitment and when you find the right belly bar or ring for you, you want to know you can expect it to last. Neither does it react with body fluids (not the major concern it may be with certain other body piercings, but it’s always good to know).

Titanium belly bars also offer an aesthetic advantage, being available in a number of colours. Blue, green, yellow and even rainbow belly bars are all common.

Your Navel

We’re all aware that different people have different belly buttons, but trust me; it goes a lot further than innie and outtie in-y and out-y. There are actually 14 different types of navel and the sort you have will affect which type of belly bar suits you best.

Some types of navel – such as the “hook” and the “reverse C” – have a flap of skin which covers both the top and the side of the opening. Whilst this is perfectly normal, such navels will require a belly bar with lateral stability. Without it, the weight of the belly bar will “turn” the skin flap, making the piercing appear crooked. In order to ensure your belly bar looks its best, you will need a small ball or wide element near the top of the piece. This will hold it level.

Other types of navel are more versatile. So-called “half-moon” belly buttons (i.e. those with a curved flap of skin covering the top part of the navel) are very easy to work with. The skin flap offers a place through which to put the piercing and the relatively open navel can accommodate a lot of shapes. You may, however, have to take the size of your navel into account when planning your belly bars. Obviously, the smaller yours is, the smaller your piercing will have to be.

You’ll also need to be aware that different people’s navels are at different levels. If your navel is below your belt line, you should avoid wearing tight fitting clothes which will rub against it. Those with navels higher up should have fewer problems.

These are just a few of the things which can affect the type of belly bar that will suit you. Be sure to consult a specialist before you make any lasting decisions; they’ll be able to take a look at your belly button and give you the best advice.

Body Matters Gold offer the world’ finest body jewellery. As well as a full catalogue of belly bars and other piercings, their website includes plenty of great advice on how to choose the right body jewellery for you.

Monday, 23-Jul-2012 01:46 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Fitted Kitchens Have Come a Long Way Since 1928

The history of fitted kitchens dates back to the first “reform kitchen” unveiled in 1928. Since then, kitchens have evolved through stages of increasing utility and aesthetic choice. Now, online kitchen planners mean you can plan out the entire design of your fitted kitchen before making any form of commitment.

For a lot of people, a fitted kitchen is the dream. A kitchen made to your specifications; laid out for you, designed by you, with everything you could want.

Fitted kitchens – then known as “reform kitchens” – were pioneered by the German kitchen manufacturers Poggenpohl. Before them, kitchens had been a loose connection of free-standing units. There would have been the cooker, the cabinets and the worktops we would expect today, but not uniformity. To the modern eyes, they’d look more like a utility room than a modern kitchen.

In 1928, Poggenpohl introduced the first reform kitchens – the forerunner of the modern fitted kitchen - and in 1950 unveiled the first unti kitchens. These were symbols of the post-war age. A new era of pre-planned, ergonomic living. Gone would be the haphazard developments of the past, where everything from kitchen layouts to city blocks would grow up as and when needed. This was the era of the motorway, flat packed homes and atomic energy. Everything would be planned in advance, beautifully integrated and ready to use. Fitted kitchens also reduced the cost of production. The standardisation of units meant they could be mass produced and quickly installed.

The idea of the fitted kitchen reached its utilitarian extreme in 1969, when Poggenpohl commissioned German industrial designer Luigi Colani to design the ultimate “work kitchen”. Here, the kitchen and all its units were reduced to a sphere. The user sat in the centre with all appliances within arms’ reach. Whilst it’s unlikely this design was ever intended for wide scale use, it did show the point that kitchen design had reached; the complete precedence of utility.

People wanted more individuality from their kitchen. Many of us cook not just because we need to eat to stay alive, but because we enjoy doing it. The kitchen was not a mere utility; it was a recreation area as well.

Nowadays, you can choose between a range of styles for your kitchen, select the units you want and choose where they go. Online kitchen planners will even allow you try different layouts for yourself. Of course, interior designers will do a fantastic job if you can afford them, but why be constrained to someone else’s vision? With an online kitchen planner, you can try out endless combinations of units, layouts and combinations of the two. Would it still work if the fridge was over by the back door? What if you had a single, tall cupboard, rather than two base units? What if you had an island kitchen instead?

The possibilities are vast. Fitted kitchens have come a long way since 1928

Kitchens for Sale offer a free quotation and design service for fitted kitchens. Their online kitchen planner lets you experiment with layouts before making any commitment. Just take a look.

Saturday, 21-Jul-2012 02:18 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Chicken Supplies: The Ones You Want and the Ones You Need

There are a number of essential chicken supplies you will need if you are to keep your brood healthy, happy and laying. But there are also some extras you might just want, whether to make your chickens happier or to brighten up your own home.

Looking after chickens is an enjoyable and rewarding experience. But if you’re going to do the job right, you’re going to need the correct chicken supplies for the job. Some of these poultry supplies are essential and some of them are just for fun. Whether you just want what you need, or like the idea of splashing out on some fun extras either for yourself or as a present for a chicken-loving friend, let us run through some of the chicken supplies you might consider;

Egg Skelters

Egg skelters are a handy, fun and stylish way to keep your eggs in date order. Each egg skelter has a spiral shape akin to a helter skelter (hence the name). As you remove the bottom egg the rest roll forwards so there is always a fresh egg easy to hand. Their fun design and handy nature makes them the ideal gift. Like many poultry supplies, they’re a small but effective way of introducing some character to a room. They’ve already been seen as set dressing on televisions shows including River Cottage and Kirstie’s Homemade Homes, as well as earning appearances in magazines such as Country Living, Practical Poultry, Home Farmer and Fancy Fowl. Each skelter holds up to 24 hens’ eggs. A smaller version is also available for the owner of bantam hens.

Egg Boxes

If you’re looking for a cheaper and/or more practical way to store and transport your eggs, you can’t go wrong with good old egg boxes. They’re probably the first thing people think of when you mention chicken supplies and, like so many commonplace items, that recognition is the result of a brilliant design. The fibre structure of the box holds each egg separate and secure whilst protecting it from the stresses and dangers of transport. When planning your poultry supplies, egg boxes are a must – particularly if you are planning on selling your eggs or distributing them amongst friends.


Bedding is another essential chicken supply. To begin with, poultry need bedding for exactly the same reasons we do; for comfort whilst sleeping, to reduce pressure on the skin and to keep them warm. However, bedding also plays an important part in keeping your birds clean and healthy. Bedding is typically made from straw or wood cuttings, which will absorb much of the waste passed by your birds. Dried bedding is particularly effective, as the lack of moisture reduces instances of moulds, mites and spores. Make sure to clear out and replace the bedding regularly: not only does this help keep your chickens healthy, used bedding makes for brilliant fertiliser.

These are just a few of the chicken supplies to consider if you are planning on keeping your own brood, but there are plenty more to look at. Find a reputable supplier of poultry suppliers to find out what you will need – and what you might just want.

I like chickens supply everything you might need for looking after your brood. All the items discussed in this article are available from their online store, along with plenty of other chicken supplies for you to browse through.

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